The British Campaign to Capture Philadelphia - 1777
In July 1777, British General William Howe set out to capture the city of Philadelphia. His reasons for the decision: It was the largest city in English North America, the seat of Congress, populated by numerous Loyalists, part of a fertile region, and could be supplied from the sea using the Delaware River.
In the course of its march, the British engaged the Continental Army at:
- Brandywine Creek near Chadds Fords, PA
- Paoli 3 miles south of Valley Forge
After camping for 3 days in Tredyffrin, the British moved on to Philadelphia. The final major action of the campaign occurred on October 4, 1777, when Washington launched an attack designed to retake the city. The Battle of Germantown dissolved into another defeat for Washington’s army and was followed by the army’s retreat into winter quarters at Valley Forge.
To learn more, please see the detailed overview of the Philadelphia Campaign of 1777.
Animated Battle Maps
- The Battle of Brandywine Creek — September 11, 1777
- The Battle of Paoli — September 20, 1777
- The Battle of Germantown — October 4, 1777
- Valley Forge Winter Encampment — December 19, 1777 – June 19, 1778
Animated and static maps created by historic researcher, Sean Moir, Western Heritage Mapping
Images courtesy of Michael Ticcino, mjticcinoimages.com